Here are a few description of the most popular techniques currently used around the world:
Up Lights (Well Lights) – Put emphasis on trees, large plants, walls, statues, and sculptures. This technique can send light through, into and on most anything you would like to showcase.
Down lights – Designed to be mounted high above eye level and directed toward the ground. This technique is great to emphasize trees, large plants, walkways, gardens, barbeques, and patios.
Step lights (Tier lights) – Illuminate areas for safety. Great way to protect your family and guests by lighting up steps, stairs, walkways, driveways, and borders. Can also be used generally around your landscape to give needed light.
Spot lights (Flood lights) – This intense beam of light can put emphasis an anything you want to showcase. Low wattage varieties can be used for “washing” – a technique to warm up your walls and fences from bleak to beautiful.
Underwater Lighting - Create an exciting and eerie effect in moving water such as, your waterfall or fountain, even the rippled effect caused by wind on a pool can have a mystical appearance. A pond covered in ice in winter looks stunning with underwater lighting!